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ASA reprints the most current FAA Practical Test Standards in this series of
handy cockpit-sized guides. This is the reprint of FAA-S-8081-4E, Instrument
Rating for Airplane, Helicopter & Powered Lift.
Every PTS is written by the FAA and details the type and levels of skill and
knowledge that must be demonstrated before an examiner can issue a certificate
or rating to an applicant, and lists the appropriate background study and